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A Closer Look at the Impending US CPI Data


Central banks are currently maintaining their current stance, with interest rates appearing to have reached their peak in North America, Europe, and most of Asia. It is widely believed that the next step in policy will involve rate cuts. However, policymakers are cautious about taking immediate action, fearing the consequences of easing monetary policy prematurely. The upcoming focal point for policymakers will be the release of the US Consumer Price Index (CPI) on Tuesday, as the market seeks direction. Despite speculation about rate cuts in March being off the table and the likelihood of cuts in May slipping to 50-50 due to the resilience of the US economy, the CPI data is expected to play a significant role in shaping future policy decisions.

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Analyzing the CPI Data

The CPI data expected tomorrow is not anticipated to significantly alter the overall economic outlook, especially with the markets expecting the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) to maintain its current stance this quarter, with fewer rate cuts expected throughout the year. While the numbers may not be sufficient to sway officials eager to see a sustained downtrend in inflation over several months, they will contribute to the projections for the Summary of Economic Projections (SEP) due with the March 19-20 FOMC meeting. There is an expectation of further signs of a balanced economic environment, characterized by decreasing inflation and steady growth.

Market Sentiment and Monetary Policy

Market sentiment remains optimistic about the economy, buoyed by strong earnings and relief that CPI revisions have not significantly altered the outlook for future Federal Reserve rate cuts. This week, alongside economic data, market participants will closely monitor Fedspeak for any deviations from recent comments cautioning against premature policy adjustments. Despite some policymakers advocating for multiple rate cuts in 2024, the prevailing sentiment is less dovish, influenced by the economy’s resilience and labor market conditions.

Implications for Financial Markets

Financial markets are cautiously awaiting the US CPI release, while also considering geopolitical risks and the outlook for major central banks. Thursday’s data releases are anticipated to be significant, covering retail sales, jobless claims, trade prices, manufacturing indexes, and industrial production, followed by additional data on Friday. The upcoming Fedspeak from key FOMC members will also be closely watched. Overall, the release of the US CPI figures marks a critical moment for policymakers and financial markets, providing valuable insights into the economy’s trajectory and guiding future policy decisions amidst ongoing uncertainties. Adaptability and foresight will be crucial for navigating the evolving economic landscape.

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Andria Pichidi
Andria Pichidi
HFM’s Market Analyst
With a passion for financial markets, Andria Pichidi has been a Market Analyst at HFM since 2016, dedicated to empowering clients through insightful daily market reviews and trainings to guide clients in achieving their financial objectives.
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