US Q4 GDP for 2019 Is Softer Than It Looks - Forex News by FX Leaders
The US Q4 GDP might be revised lower from 2.1%

US Q4 GDP for 2019 Is Softer Than It Looks

Posted Thursday, January 30, 2020 by
Skerdian Meta • 1 min read
The GDP report for Q4 of 2019 was released a while ago from the US. Some analysts were expecting a 2.0% expansion, while other had 2.1% as their median forecast. The headline reading  came at 2.1% indeed for Q4, but the details show a weaker picture, as listed below:

  • US Q4 advance GDP +2.1% vs +2.0% expected
  • Prior quarter was +2.1%
  • Personal spending +1.8% vs +2.0% expected
  • GDP price index +1.4% vs +1.8% expected
  • GDP deflator +1.5% vs +1.8% expected
  • Business investment -1.5%
  • Home investment +5.8%
  • Business investment in structures -10.1%
  • GDP ex motor vehicles +3.0%
  • Year-over-year GDP +2.3%
  • Exports +1.4%
  • Imports -8.7%
The GDP increased by 2.1% but inflation numbers look pretty soft compared to Q3, which has pushed up the GDP, above expectations. But, nominal GDP was soft, if you adjust it to inflation. If that’s the case again, you could see this number revised lower in the second estimate. Aggregate 2019 growth was 2.3% compared to 2.9% last year. It’s the softest year of growth since 2016.
Contributions to GDP (percentage points):
  • Personal consumption +1.2 pp
  • Consumption of goods +0.26 pp
  • Consumption of services +0.94 pp
  • Gross private investment -1.08 pp
  • Inventories -1.09 pp
  • Net exports +1.48 pp
  • Government consumption +0.47
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