The US Q1 GDP report to show a 2.0% expansion

US Economy Falls in Contraction in Q1

Posted Thursday, April 28, 2022 by
Skerdian Meta • 1 min read

After the recession in 2020 due to coronavirus restrictions, the US economy had the strongest period of growth during 2021, but it seems like 2022 is starting on the wrong foot. Expectations for today’s GDP report were for a 1.1% expansion during Q1, but the report showed a -1.4% contraction.

That’s quite a miss, although with prices surging in Q1, consumer spending on durables declined by 4.1%. If we remove auto sales, the GDP contraction came at -1.4%. This puts the FED in a difficult position, since it will mean that it will be harder to increase interest rates, which would hamper the economy further. Nonetheless, the USD continues the bullish momentum against all major currencies, with EUR/USD trading at 1.05 while USD/JPY has increased above 131.

US Q1 Advance GDP Report


Real GDP Q1 advance 2022 USA
  • Q1 advance GDP -1.4% vs +1.1% expected
  • Q4 2021 GDP final was 6.9% annualized
  • Consumer spending +2.7% vs +2.5% prior
  • Consumer spending on durables -4.1% vs +2.5% in Q4
  • GDP deflator +8.0% vs +7.3% expected
  • Core PCE +5.2% vs +5.4% expected
  • GDP final sales -0.6% vs +1.5% in Q4
  • Nominal GDP vs up 14.3% annualized in Q4
  • Business investment +9.2% vs +2.9% in Q4
  • Home investment +2.1% vs +2.2% in Q4
  • GDP ex motor vehicles -1.3%
  • Full report


  • Inventories cut 0.84 pp from growth
  • Net trade cut 3.2 pp from growth
  • Home investment cut 0.03 pp from GDP
  • Personal consumption added 1.83 pp GDP
  • Gross private domestic investment added 0.43 pp to GDP
  • Government spending cut 0.48 pp from GDP

The US had the strongest annual growth in 2021 since 1984 but trade and inventories weighed in the first quarter. The 8.0% inflation number is certainly a problem.

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