Inflation Finally Jumps in Europe – Will the ECB Turn Hawkish Now? - Forex News by FX Leaders
Finally we're seeing some inflation in Europe

Inflation Finally Jumps in Europe – Will the ECB Turn Hawkish Now?

Posted Tuesday, August 31, 2021 by
Skerdian Meta • 2 min read

Inflation has been one of the main drags for the Euro, since the CPI (consumer price index) has remained pretty weak, with the headline CPI at 0.7% YoY, which was much lower than in the US. The activity for the rest of the economy increased considerably during spring/summer, catching up with the US, but inflation remained low. That stopped the European Central Bank from even mentioning a policy reversal from the extremely loose one that is currently in place.

Now, that inflation is looking much better, the ECB should do an about-turn and start looking to hike rates. But, we are not in normal times, and the restrictions are coming back in Europe as we leave summer behind. These restrictions have become a constant now, unless we see massive protests. So, the ECB isn’t likely to change its position, although the EUR/USD has popped higher above the 50 SMA (yellow) on the H4 chart.

EUR/USD Analysis – EUR/USD H4 Chart

EUR/USD jumps above the 50 SMA on the H4 chart

Eurozone August preliminary CPI

  • August preliminary CPI YoY +3.0% vs +2.8% expected
  • July CPI inflation was +2.2%
  • Core CPI YoY +1.6% vs +1.5% expected
  • July core CPI was +0.7%

So, Eurozone inflation surged to a 10-year high, which is creating a bit of a headache for the ECB, as it challenges their view on price outlook, and policymakers continue to maintain that the increase is transient. That said, they do mention that their view accounts for a peak in prices in around November, but the issue here is that the continued hit to supply chains globally will still oversee higher and rising cost pressures towards the end of the year. The ECB’s Holzma is already for slower PEPP purchases, but I don’t think that will happen soon.

Remarks by ECB policymaker, Robert Holzmann

  • Would advocate the slowdown of PEPP purchases in Q4
  • ECB in a position to think about reducing pandemic aid
  • ECB should de-link guidance on rates, APP purchases
  • APP does not need the same kind of flexibility as PEPP
  • ECB needs to have inflation risk on its mind

This was supposed to have come in September, but the Delta variant risks did throw a bit of a curveball at the economic outlook in the past month or so. That said, Europe seems to be in a good position, as vaccinations have progressed well.

In any case, they may see fit to reduce the pace of PEPP purchases towards year-end, but the program is likely to stay the course until March next year, as intended.

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